Introduction (goal, intention, purpose)
In the course of the implementation of European directives, the Belgian government has, since the end of 2015, created the framework conditions that allow cities and municipalities or regions of the country to set up environmental zones so that the pollution limits for citizens prescribed by the EU are not exceeded.
The LEZs are defined by the respective cities and municipalities or regions within their borders and allow driving only with prior registration of the vehicle.
It should be noted that vehicles registered in Belgium do not have to register because they are already registered in the national database. Dutch vehicles in the Flemish Region are also exempt from registration. Since 2019, Dutch vehicles do not have to be registered in the LEZ-Brussels either.
The framework conditions for the introduction of environmental zones in the Flemish region have been set up since the end of 2015.
These are justified by a Decree of 27.11.2015 which came into effect on 01.03.2016. The decree essentially regulates the fact that environmental zones are regional issues and that every Flemish municipality and city has the right to introduce an environmental zone, provided that this is necessary.
On 26.02.2016, a resolution was passed by the Flemish government, containing detailed information about the registration and the collection of different vehicle types and their registration data. The Resolution 2116 came into force on 01.03.2016.
The collection and administration of registered vehicles data is carried out in accordance with Article 5 of the Decree of 27.11.2015 on the basis of the Decree of 18.07.2008 through an electronic administrative data management system.
The data retrieval, the database administration and the access to certain data from the database are carried out in accordance with the law of 08.12.1992 relating to the privacy protection in the processing of personal data and the adoption of 18.07.2008 on the electronic administrative data management system.
Features (appearance, description)
The following vehicles are affected by the Antwerp and Ghent low emission zones and require registration on entry
Car, motorhome (M1), minibus (M2), coach (M3), van (N1), trucks (N2-N3)
Not affected are motorcycles such as motorbikes or agricultural and forestry machinery.
Which stickers / registration do I get? (classification)
In Belgium, the check of an authorised entry in a LEZ environmental zone (Low Emission Zone) is not only carried out by the police but, above all, by intelligent cameras (Automatic Number Plate Recognition = ANPR).
These fixed and mobile cameras capture each vehicle registration number and match it with a central database. If the vehicle owner has not registered its car for the LEZ (Low Emission Zones) zones in Belgium before entering, he will receive a fine notice of 150 euros from the respective authorities. In the case of more offences, the fine increases to 350 euros.
Important to know for foreigners:
From a fine of 70 euros or more, according to EU Directive 2011/82 of 25.10.2011 "to facilitate the cross-border exchange of information on traffic offences which jeopardise road safety", if the fine is not paid, enforcement proceedings will take place in the home country and will continue until the prison sentence is passed.
How long is my registration valid?
Unless the engine or the exhaust emission standard of the vehicle or the registration number changes, the registration is valid for the entire lifetime of the vehicle. This means that a new registration does not have to be made every year. It is possible that in the future the access restrictions will be tightened. In this case, the registration expires if the required Euronorm can no longer be met. When, who and for how long is allowed to enter, you will find under the point "Which stickers/ registration do I get (classification)".
Do I have to carry the confirmation with me?
The registration for Antwerp/Ghent is completely digital. The license plate is entered into a database with possible data on the particulate filter, so that the cameras detect a positive match. Since the matching of the number plate is done by the cameras, nothing has to be stuck to the windscreen or similar. As soon as the confirmation of registration has been received, the low emission zones can be entered. It is also not necessary to carry the operation in the vehicle. The registration even has a 24 hour retroactive effect.
What happens if my license plate changes?
As soon as the registration number is changed, e.g. by moving house, a new registration must be made.
Is the registration also valid for other low emission zones?
The registration is only valid for ow emission zones in Antwerp and Ghent.
For other environmental zones in Belgium, a separate registration must be made.