Name of the environmental zone: Environmental zone Maastricht - Netherlands
Date of entry into effect of the zone: 15-02-2019
Type of environmental zone
Not allowed to drive (temporarily): Information currently unavailable
Not allowed to drive (permanently): Vehicle class: truck (N2, N3)
Fuel type: diesel
Euro standard: 0-3
Fines: 95 €
Area/extension of the environmental zone: Only the 750 metre long Statensingel street belongs to the environmental zone.
Special features: Retrofitting permitted : yes (particulate matter)
Contact of the environmental zone and exceptions: Postbus 1992, 6201 BZ Maastricht
Exemptions: Information currently unavailable
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The closure of an intersection in Berlin divides the neighbourhood. Many older people oppose the pilot project, families with children and younger people were in favour. The project shows how important the car is to many Germans. Other countries show that it is possible to live without a car.
Fine dust is harmful to health. But universal limits and measurements do not exist. The WHO could change this by setting guidelines for a global definition of PM2.5. Adjusting the values would also imply more environmental zones.
The smallest particles from exhaust fumes and other combustion processes can penetrate deep into the lungs and cause damage throughout the body. Recent research shows that they also attack the brain and reduce cognitive performance. In addition, free oxygen radicals formed in particulate matter are enormously dangerous.
Despite the efforts of European countries to ban internal combustion engines, they will be with us on the roads for a long time to come. The plan to switch to e-cars is designed to last for decades. Moreover, used combustion cars will not be targeted.
Nitrogen dioxide pollution in Basel is clearly too high. Several measures are being taken to change this. Among other things, Switzerland's first permanent low emission zone is to be introduced.
Many cities in Europe have already taken up the fight against air pollution. In some countries, however, the air is still worryingly dirty. Especially when it comes to particulate matter, cities without low-emission zones perform extremely badly. But even those with driving bans continue to struggle against pollutants.
In the debate about the end of the internal combustion engine, Germany has now decided on a concrete date. However, the date of 2035 is much further in the future than in other countries. In addition, the government is leaving a loophole open with synthetic fuels for the internal combustion engine.
It is not only air pollution that affects citizens in urban areas. Noise caused by traffic is also harmful to health. Many countries want to put an end to it.
German politicians could hardly behave more paradoxically: The German government is promoting the mobility revolution and the switch to electric cars, but prefers to drive diesels itself. The Ministry of Transport is doing particularly badly. It has failed as a role model.
Many countries in the EU are calling for an end to diesel and petrol cars. They want a concrete phase-out date from the European Union that would put an end to the sale of new cars with internal combustion engines. Germany is staying out of the debate.