Since 2016 - French Vignette Crit'Air

An Eco-Vignette being called Crit'Air was introduced to France on 1st July 2016. The Vignette can be divided in 6 categories and colours, always depending on the year of registration, the energy efficiency, and the vehicle's emission quantity.
Emissions and air pollutants will be reduced in the medium and long term, new and energy efficient vehicles will be promoted, old and polluting vehicles will be withdrawn from traffic little by little. Especially the emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) and fine dust are supposed to be reduced by means of the Crit'Air Vignette.
The classification of the vehicles' types as there are trucks, buses, passenger cars, and other vehicles of the Crit'Air categories is controlled by a Décret Crit’Air 2016-858 vom 29.06.2016.

After Grenoble on 01.11.2016, the vignette has been introduced in Lyon on 12.12.2016. It is not yet mandatory in the other cities.
The obligation of having a Crit’Air vignette in order to drive in the environmental zone in Paris has been introduced on 01.07.2016. On 01.11.2016, it has been introduced in Grenoble, and in Lyon on 12.12.2016.
In Paris, a transition period goes to the 14.01.2017. Until then, you will not be charged if you drive without vignette within the environmental zone. From 15.01.2017, financial penalties from 68 to 375 euros will be charged.

Attention: According to a new announcement from the French authorities, it will be possible to order a vignette for vehicles non-registered in France from 01.02.2017.